Marie and pierre curie inventions. Arthur Ashkin, American physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his invention…. A Life, trans. All rights reserved. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Last Updated: Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: Her death, on July 4,of leukemia was undoubtedly caused by prolonged exposure to radiation. Marie coined the term radioactivity for the spontaneous emission of ionizing, penetrating rays by certain atoms.